There is no document that the Mozarts met Abel, however Wolfgang knew his symphonies, perhaps through the medium of the annual Bach-Abel live performance collection, and was a lot influenced by them. On 24 December the household moved to Versailles for 2 weeks during which, by way of a courtroom connection, they were capable of attend a royal dinner, the place Wolfgang was reportedly allowed to kiss the hand of the Queen. At Versailles additionally they visited the well-known courtesan Madame de Pompadour, then within the last months of her life—”a particularly haughty woman who nonetheless ruled over everything”, in accordance with Leopold. In Nannerl’s later recollections, Wolfgang was made to stand on a chair to be examined by the Madame, who wouldn’t allow him to kiss her. The household proceeded by riverboat to Koblenz, Bonn and Cologne. Turning west they reached Aachen, where a efficiency was given before Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia, the sister of Frederick the Great. The princess tried to persuade Leopold to desert his itinerary and go to Berlin, however Leopold resisted.
Wolfgang quickly completed his Symphony No. 1 in E flat, K. The D major symphony has, in Hildesheimer’s phrases, “an originality of melody and modulation which matches beyond the routine strategies of his [grown-up] contemporaries”. These are Wolfgang’s first orchestral writings, although Zaslaw hypothesises a theoretical “Symphony No. 0” from sketches in Wolfgang’s musical pocket book. Three lost symphonies, recognized within the Köchel catalogue of Mozart’s works only by their incipits , may also have originated from the London interval. Other works composed by Wolfgang in London include a number of instrumental sonatas, the jewel of which, according to Hildesheimer, is the C main sonata for piano, four arms, K. A set of violin sonatas, with additional flute and cello parts, was dedicated to Queen Charlotte at her request, and offered to her with an applicable inscription in January 1765. Wolfgang additionally wrote his first vocal works, the motet “God is our Refuge”, K.
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21.At the end of September, with Leopold’s restoration, the household moved back to central London, to lodgings in Thrift Street , Soho. These lodgings have been positioned conveniently near a number of concert rooms, and to the residences of each J.
Early in September the household moved on to Ghent, the place Wolfgang played on the new organ on the Bernardines chapel; a number of days later he played on the cathedral organ at Antwerp. On eleven September the family lastly reached The Hague. During Leopold’s illness performances had been inconceivable, so Wolfgang turned to composition. According to the author and musician Jane Glover, Wolfgang was inspired to write symphonies after meeting Johann Christian Bach. It is not clear when this assembly occurred, or when Wolfgang first heard J. C. Bach’s symphonies, although he had played the older composer’s harpsichord works in his May 1764 royal recital.